Everything to know about High Levels of Estrogen during Pregnancy

Everything to know about High Levels of Estrogen during Pregnancy

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March 28, 2024
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April 18, 2024
Everything to know about High Levels of Estrogen during Pregnancy

For a balanced living, we need to obtain a homeostatic stage in the body. In biological processes, hormones play an essential role in human health and well-being. The female hormone estrogen is also important in maintaining reproductive health, cardiovascular and bone health in a female body and during pregnancy of a woman.

Rise in Estrogen Levels

Together, estrogen and progesterone work well in preventing the uterus lining from getting thickened. Some female bodies are incapable of producing the required progesterone, leading to a rise in the level of estrogen. This condition leads to estrogen dominance. The increase in the level of high estrogen without progesterone influences the body balancing factor; overworking of estrogen can cause an overgrowth of cell-like tumors in the uterine lining.


Estrogen has many key effects during pregnancy. It helps develop the placenta and the networking needed to bring nutrients and waste to and from the growing baby. Estrogen in mothers helps in the development of organs like the liver, endocrine glands, and lungs for the overall development of the fetus.

An increase in estrogen helps in the expansion of the uterus along with maintenance of the uterine lining, increasing blood flow and forming new blood vessels in the uterus and placenta in the mother’s body.

Increased levels of estrogen also suppress follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), which prevents ovulation during pregnancy.

Estrogen is helpful in the production of milk and the growth of breast tissue, which prepares the body for the birth of the fetus and breastfeeding post-pregnancy.

These raised estrogen levels can have other results as well. Hyperpigmented skin (usually temporary) and an airless nose at the time of pregnancy are both estrogen-linked complaints.

Also Read: Know About Embryo Transfer Procedure in IVF

As it triggers increased blood volume, estrogen can also add to swelling, spider veins, nausea, tender breasts, and more periodic trips to the bathroom (you know, in addition to the nurturing baby tap dancing on the head of your bladder).

We help you in guiding how to manage and maintain your estrogen levels and balance a healthy life.

Symptoms Causing High Estrogen

A rise in estrogen influences the other functions of the body, like causing breast cancer and PCOS along with irregular menstrual cycles. Some of the reasons listed can be considered as the factors causing the rise in estrogen levels.

Symptoms Causing High Estrogen

  • Medications- High-dose oral contraceptives or birth control pills may affect your estrogen levels.
  • Body fats- Fat tissue, like adipose tissue, secretes estrogen, which has a high percentage of body fat that can lead to high estrogen levels.
  • Stress- The hormone cortisol is produced in response to stress, and the high amount of cortisol production can deplete the body’s ability to produce progesterone, leaving the estrogen in your body unchecked by progesterone.
  • Alcohol- Alcohol consumption is one of the factors which can increase the level of estrogen in the body.
  • Liver problems- The liver helps break down estrogen and remove it from the body. In case you have a functionality disorder in the liver, accumulation of estrogen may take place.
  • Synthetic xenoestrogens- Synthetic xenoestrogens are chemicals that are found in the environment that act like estrogen once they are inside your body.

Book an appointment with our best gynecologist today!

Production of Estrogen during Pregnancy

In the corpus luteum, during the first ten weeks of gestation, both estrogen and progesterone are produced.

When the placenta is formed after the implantation stage, the organ starts producing the two hormones, which increase slowly until they reach their peak in the last semester.

Both estrogen and progesterone decrease in their levels significantly soon after labour. Other organs that secrete estrogen during pregnancy include ovaries, liver, muscle, and bones to some extent.

Estrogen Maintaining Pregnancy

Estrogen helps maintain a healthy pregnancy along with forming in the ovaries and placenta during pregnancy. In the development of the foetus organs, enhancing the proper functioning of the placenta along with the endometrial lining, blood flow to the uterus, and preparing the body for breastfeeding estrogen is helpful.

High Level of Estrogen during Pregnancy

Reproductive health is maintained by estrogen. Estrogen has a substantial influence on the other organs as well. The levels of estrogen rise and fall throughout life, and they are in sync with other hormones that control important body processes. An increase in estrogen spurs sexual development during puberty. Estrogen, along with progesterone, helps prepare the body for pregnancy.

High estrogen levels negatively affect pregnancy, affecting receptivity in endometrial and uterine blood flow, implantation, and invasion of trophoblasts. Increased levels of Estrogen also increase the risk of miscarriage during the early pregnancy stage, as hormonal imbalances can interfere with the steadiness of the uterine environment.

A female body produces more estrogen during pregnancy than, at times, her entire life when not pregnant. High estrogen improves the formation of blood vessels, transfers nutrients, and supports the development of the fetus.

The estrogen level is high and reaches its peak in the third trimester during the time of pregnancy. In the first trimester of pregnancy, you might catch nausea associated with the rapid increase in estrogen. During the second trimester, it helps in the development of the milk duct, enlarging the breasts.

Also Read: How to Increase Sperm Motility Naturally

High Levels Causing Miscarriage

High estrogen levels increase the risk of miscarriage during pregnancy. Hormonal imbalances unstable the uterine environment, making it difficult for a pregnant female in successful progression. Low estrogen levels increase the risk of miscarriage. A female below normal estrogen may have difficulty becoming pregnant.


Estrogen is just one of several engrossing hormones that help support a healthy pregnancy. Throughout any phase in life, supporting your body’s hormonal health helps your hormones to support. Some health conditions may impact your hormonal balance, causing symptoms and raising the risk for certain health conditions. Treating hormonal variance can depend on its cause and may include medication & changes to diet. Managing your hormone levels by treating the underlying cause may help reduce your symptoms and also the risk of complications.

At KJK Hospital, we provide reliable treatment and care to every mother. Each mother’s pregnancy experience is special, but with the right support and care, difficult times can pass swiftly. Choosing the best maternity hospital in Trivandrum is essential, as is having a qualified doctor by your side. Our hospital has created remarkable amenities to promote a peaceful and painless journey throughout your motherhood.

Feel free to contact us for appointments and queries.

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