July 6, 2021

Understanding Painless Delivery

Since the beginning of time, labor and childbirth have always been associated with pain. While pain tolerance levels or pain thresholds are subjective aspects, there are many discussions doing the rounds about experiencing the overwhelmingly beautiful childbirth process painlessly.
July 6, 2021

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

A hysterectomy is a safe surgical procedure with minimal risk when performed by experts. The procedure is often advised in cases like endometriosis, pelvic support problems, gynecological cancer, abnormal uterine bleeding or for chronic pelvic pain. A partial hysterectomy is when only the uterus is removed.
July 6, 2021

Ways to manage high risk pregnancy

Pregnancy in the most usual cases is quite a positive experience and it is one that should continue smoothly without encountering much challenges. But in some unusual cases, say in about 20 to 30 percent of them a pregnancy could be termed as high-risk. A high-risk pregnancy is one where there could be complications, sometimes even life-threatening for both the mother and the baby
July 6, 2021

Laparoscopy and Endometriosis

At least 1 in 10 women are living with endometriosis. Women with endometriosis often experience a variety of symptoms like heavy periods, extreme pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, back pain. While in some cases they may not even be aware that they have the condition until they have trouble conceiving.
June 21, 2021

Choosing a Birthing Centre

Bringing forth a baby into this world is an extremely special phenomenon for every mother. Hospitals and labor rooms could be intimidating and scary to many. If it was up to them a majority of the mothers would love to have their baby in the comfort and safety of their own homes. It is this very concept that brought into being birthing centres and birthing suites.
June 21, 2021

Choosing an IVF Centre

Especially in the current times, infertility is something that affects more couples than we can imagine and most of them suffer in silence owing to the taboo surrounding the subject in India. The current fertility rate for India in 2021 is 2.179 births per woman, which happens to be a 0.95% decline from 2020.
June 21, 2021

Vaginal Discharge

A woman’s body expels cells and fluids in the form a vaginal discharge during various phases of her life. Vaginal discharge is quite a common phenomenon in menstruating women and this can begin as early as when the first periods begin during adolescent years. A number of factors like menstrual cycle, pregnancy, hormones or infections can cause a difference in consistency or color of the vaginal discharge.
June 21, 2021

Understanding Subfertility

When it comes to infertility, the prejudice and stigma that is associated with it in our country is a longstanding one. It is on the road to change nevertheless, but there still is a long way to go. Both the terms infertility and subfertility are often used interchangeably but it is important to understand that these are not synonymous terms. Infertility is when the couples who have been trying to conceive haven’t had any success in a year and may require medical intervention. Subfertility on the other hand is a form or fertility that has been reduced due to various causes.
June 8, 2021

Epidural for Labor

Apart from the incomparable joys of bringing life to earth, pain is perhaps another thing that comes to our mind when we think of pregnancy. The thoughts of a painful labor and delivery have always been plaguing mothers everywhere. But these days we hear of pain-free deliveries and pregnancy experiences and we can safely assume that it is epidural that they are all talking about. Almost two-thirds of women are now opting for an epidural for labor and delivery, if they choose to deliver in a hospital setting whether it’s vaginal or c-section delivery.
June 8, 2021

Non-Infectious Vaginitis

When there is an imbalance in the normal levels of vaginal bacteria, it can lead to an inflammation or an infection of the Vagina called Vaginitis. This infectious vaginitis can result in discharge, itching and pain. But when there is a vaginal irritation without an infection is what is called Non-infectious Vaginitis.
April 13, 2021
Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea

During the predominant reproductive years between puberty and menopause, there can be an absence of menstrual bleeding owing to various factors and this condition is known […]
April 13, 2021
Embryo Grading

Embryo Grading

Among the numerous factors that can affect the success of an IVF, the most important is embryo quality. Studies have shown that close to 60% of […]
March 11, 2021
Whole_Exome_Sequencing

Whole Exome Sequencing

The genomes which is the sum of all the DNA in the body contains every bit of information on traits, health intricacies, genetic data and even […]
March 11, 2021
Infertility_Does_Not_Always_Mean_IVF

Infertility does not always mean IVF

The fertility needs, health conditions and circumstances are most often different for every woman. Ideally fertility treatment should be individualized to a patient’s unique situation.  The […]
March 5, 2021
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Before understanding what reproductive medicine entails, it is important to know what is meant by reproductive health. The World Health Organization defines it as people having […]
March 5, 2021
Whole_Genome_Sequencing

Whole Genome Sequencing

Whole genome sequencing is a genetic testing technology that obtains comprehensive data on all the genes and chromosomes in the DNA of a person. This information on the […]
January 8, 2021
Sperm_Selection_Methods

Sperm Selection Methods

When it comes to IVF, the retrieval of quality eggs is one of the most key steps. An equally important part of it all is healthy […]
January 8, 2021
MedicalAbortion_Vs_SurgicalAbortion

Medical Abortion Vs. Surgical Abortion

Unplanned pregnancies are in fact quite common that research says that 1 in 3 women are likely to have an abortion before the age of 35. […]
December 9, 2020

Management of Diabetes in Pregnancy

Changing lifestyle patterns and increasing obesity rates are probably some of the reasons why Diabetes in pregnancy or gestational diabetes is quite common these days.
December 9, 2020

Ovarian Stimulation in IVF

Ovarian stimulation which happens in the second stage of IVF fertility treatment is integral to the success of the procedure. In the usual scenario the ovaries release one egg per month during ovulation.
November 7, 2020
Fertility_Preservation

Fertility Preservation

The option to preserve one’s fertility be it for personal or medical reasons gives women the freedom to choose motherhood only when they are ready for it […]
November 7, 2020
Psychological_And_Social_Impact_Of_Infertility

Psychological & Social Impact of Infertility

Infertility is something that affects 10-15 per cent married couples in India. The WHO pegs the prevalence of primary infertility in India to 3.9 to 16.8 […]
October 8, 2020
Gynaeco_Laparoscopy

Endoscopic Surgery in Gynaecology

Important technological and medical advances, along with the sophistication and the miniaturization of the equipment used have led to the use of Endoscopy in Gynaecology & […]
October 8, 2020
preimplantation_genetic_diagnosis

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

Genetic screening is the process of testing for a genetic disease in order to identify a subgroup of people that either have the disease or the potential to pass […]
August 30, 2020
Laser_Assisted_Hatching

Laser-assisted Hatching

This particular scientific IVF technique comes as a boon and new hope for couples that haven’t found positive results despite umpteen IVF cycles. The chances for […]
August 30, 2020
Double_Marker_Test

Double Marker Test

Studies say that nearly one in twenty pregnancies could have birth defects and these can range in severity from anatomical abnormalities to mental retardation. Some couples […]
August 30, 2020
umbilical_cord_accidents

Umbilical Cord Accidents

The umbilical cord that starts to form at about 4 weeks of pregnancy and usually grows to be about 22 inches long is the life giving […]
August 30, 2020
Gestational_Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Motherhood is a phenomenal experience and it is a time when the body undergoes a lot of changes both physically and hormonally. A major metabolic change […]
July 3, 2020
Vaginal_Hysterectomy

Vaginal Hysterectomy

After cesarean births, Hysterectomy is probably one of the most common gynaecological surgical procedures and the route for the same could be either abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic, […]
July 3, 2020
Vaginal_Dryness

Vaginal Dryness

Vaginal Dryness is a condition that a large number of women experiences but unfortunately only a quarter of women actually seek treatment. This has turned into […]
June 1, 2020

Azoospermia

The social stigma surrounding infertility always make it seem like this is primarily related to only females. But in reality this is not the case and the health and fertility of both the male and female has to be looked into to improve chances of conceiving. A low sperm count is the most common cause of infertility in men and otherwise it could be the complete absence of sperm in the semen, termed as Azoospermia.
June 1, 2020

Endometrial Hyperplasia

The uterus is lined with a special tissue called the endometrium. The endometrium is a dynamic tissue that undergoes a series of alterations like proliferation, secretion and shedding during the menstrual cycle in a woman’s reproductive years. The abnormal thickening of this lining is called Endometrial Hyperplasia.
April 18, 2020
Varicoceles

Varicoceles and Male Infertility

An inability to get pregnant and have a child despite having well-timed sexual intercourse for an year is known as infertility. Many factors that trigger infertility including hormonal, related to the structure of the ovaries and other reproductive organs, ovulation disorders, etc.
April 18, 2020
Congenital-Uterine-Abnormalities

Congenital Uterine Anomalies

An inability to get pregnant and have a child despite having well-timed sexual intercourse for an year is known as infertility. Many factors that trigger infertility including hormonal, related to the structure of the ovaries and other reproductive organs, ovulation disorders, etc.
March 26, 2020

Top 9 Causes of Infertility in Women

An inability to get pregnant and have a child despite having well-timed sexual intercourse for an year is known as infertility. Many factors that trigger infertility including hormonal, related to the structure of the ovaries and other reproductive organs, ovulation disorders, etc.
March 7, 2020
Unexplained_Infertility

Diagnosis and Treatment of Unexplained Infertility

Typically, infertility is caused by a man’s inability to produce sperm or a woman’s poor quality of eggs. However, in some cases, the reason for infertility […]
February 9, 2020
perimenopause

8 Signs and Symptoms of Perimenopause

Perimenopause, which means around menopause, refers to the time during which a woman’s body starts to naturally prepare for the onset of menopause. This period is […]
January 23, 2020
Uterine Fibroids

Types Of Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that occur in the uterus, usually in the childbearing years. These tumors are formed from the muscle fibers that line the […]
January 5, 2020

MACS And PICSI – The Best Sperm Selection Techniques

The success of the IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) technique depends on various factors. These factors vary from case-to-case and may require a different approach. Multiple pieces of […]
November 12, 2019
Gynaeco_Laparoscopy

Gyneco Laparoscopy

Gyneco laparoscopy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that helps your surgeon to see inside your lower abdomen with the help of a camera called laparoscope.  Because […]
October 21, 2019

Tubo-Ovarian Abscess

The female genital tract is prone to infection, it could be due to sexually transmitted or as a result of vaginal flora.  A tubo-ovarian abscess or […]
October 13, 2019
Teenage_Pregnancy

Teenage Pregnancy

Realizing that you are pregnant in your teenage years, especially if the pregnancy is unplanned, it can put a great deal of stress on a young […]
October 1, 2019

Placenta Previa

Placenta is an organ that develops inside the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.  The duty of the placenta is to provide nutrition and oxygen from […]
September 13, 2019

Effect of Age on Women’s Fertility

Age is inversely proportional to fertility and affects the ability to conceive and have a healthy baby.  Though age affects fertility in both men and women, it is the single biggest factor affecting a woman’s fertility. 
August 27, 2019
PID_KJK

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
August 5, 2019
Egg-Quality-And-Infertility

Egg Quality and Infertility

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
June 17, 2019
Sperm_Quality_And_Infertility

Sperm Quality and Infertility

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
June 11, 2019
Right_Candidate_For_IVF

Ideal candidate for IVF

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
June 11, 2019
Incompetent_Cervis

Incompetent-Cervix

Vitamins, minerals and other substances found in the foods we eat serve a host of important functions in the body. As for infertility, whether it affects men or women, inadequate intake of nutrients could end up in difficulty conceiving a child.
May 18, 2019

Vitamin B6 and Fertility

Vitamins, minerals and other substances found in the foods we eat serve a host of important functions in the body. As for infertility, whether it affects men or women, inadequate intake of nutrients could end up in difficulty conceiving a child.
April 22, 2019
Congenital Abnormalities of the Female Reproductive Tract

Congenital Abnormalities of the Female Reproductive Tract

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
April 6, 2019
LaparoscopicTubal_Recanalization

Laparoscopic Tubal Recanalization

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
March 31, 2019

Vitamin D and Infertility

You might have heard of the importance of Vitamin D in keeping a person in his/her pink of health.  Of late, there have numerous medical studies […]
March 29, 2019
Menstrual_Cycle_And_Your_Health

Menstrual Cycle and Your Health

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
March 29, 2019
Microsurgical_Sperm_Aspiration

Microsurgical Sperm Aspiration

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
February 11, 2019

Egg Freezing

Up until a few decades back preserving one’s fertility was considered something that is seemingly impossible, but with the advancement of medical technology it is quite possible today through egg freezing [...]
February 11, 2019

Thin Uterine Lining

The uterus, which carries the fetus in females throughout the pregnancy, consists of three layers – inner most, middle and outer layer. The innermost layer of uterus is called endometrium [...]
January 8, 2019
Causes_Of_Miscarriage

Causes of Miscarriage

Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a baby in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.  In fact, it is one of the most common pregnancy-related issues.  […]
January 8, 2019
Thyroid_And_Fertility

HOW THYROID AFFECTS FERTLITY

The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped organ located at the front of the neck just below the Adam’s apple (larynx). A normal thyroid gland will not be […]
December 17, 2018
Estrogen

Estrogen Deficiency and Fertility

If you are expecting to expect, you ought to know the importance of estrogen in the whole process.  However, what is the real importance of estrogen […]
December 7, 2018
vaccines-during-pregnancy

Importance of Vaccinations during Pregnancy

Have you ever thought why vaccines are given to mum-to-be?  If not, vaccinated mothers pass on infection-fighting proteins called antibodies to their babies.  During the first […]
December 7, 2018
Newborn_Screening

Newborn Screening

Newborn screening refers to the practice of testing all babies in their first few days of life for certain disorders and conditions that can hinder their […]
November 20, 2018

Importance of Breast Milk

Breast milk provides ideal nutrition for babies. It has the perfect mix of vitamins, protein and fat – everything that your baby needs to grow and […]
November 6, 2018

Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a type of pregnancy-related complication characterized by high blood pressure and causes damage to another organ system, most often liver and kidneys.  Commonly preeclampsia […]
October 23, 2018
High_Risk_Pregnancy

High Risk Pregnancies

Most of the time pregnancy is a natural process.  After a full-term pregnancy, woman goes into labor as the due date gets nearer and gives birth […]
October 10, 2018
Ultrasound_Scans

Ultrasound Scans During Pregnancy

For would-be mothers, ultrasound scans are the highlight of the pregnancy. It is really exciting to “see” the baby in the womb, often moving their hands […]
October 5, 2018
IVF Myths

Myths surrounding IVF (Busted)

Myth #1 IVF causes cancer All medications, including fertility drugs, come with risks, but one needn’t get concerned about an increased cancer risk.  It can be […]
September 18, 2018
Menopause

Understanding Menopause

Menopause is a biological process through which a woman ceases to be fertile or menstruate. It is a normal part of life and is not at […]
August 31, 2018

Implications of Stress During Pregnancy

Bringing a new person into the world is not a cake walk. You tend to worry about each and everything. A lot of questions and doubts […]
August 10, 2018
Uterine_Prolapse

Uterine Prolapse

Pelvic muscles and ligaments hold uterus in place. Uterine prolapse occurs because of stretching of pelvic floor muscles and ligaments. They cease to provide the much-needed […]
July 25, 2018
KJK

Delaying Pregnancy and Childbearing – Implications

The proportion of women who delay pregnancy by intention has increased greatly in the past few decades across the world. Even in our country, the number […]
July 17, 2018
Irregular_Menstruation

IRREGULAR MENSTRUAL CYCLE

The normal duration of a woman’s menstrual cycle is 28 days, but it can change between individuals. Irregular menstruation is when the duration of the cycle […]
July 3, 2018
Blocked Fallopian Tube

FALLOPIAN TUBE DISORDERS

Fallopian tubes are female reproductive organs that link ovaries and uterus. Every month during ovulation, roughly during the mid-part of the menstrual cycle, fallopian tubes carry […]
June 22, 2018
Fewer Sperms than normal

REASONS FOR LOW SPERM COUNT IN MEN (OLIGOSPERMIA)

Low sperm count refers to semen (ejaculating fluid) containing fewer sperm than normal.  This condition is also called oligospermia, whereas a complete absence of sperm is […]
June 14, 2018
Lifestyle Choices and Infertility

Make healthy lifestyle choices to prevent infertility issues

A good number of reasons can be attributed to a couples’ infertility, but all are not medically linked. Certain lifestyle choices can also lead to infertility […]
June 1, 2018
Ectopic Pregnancy

ECTOPIC PREGNANCY

ECTOPIC PREGNANCY   From fertilization to delivery, pregnancy involves a number of stages in a woman’s body.  One of the stages is the egg that is […]
May 24, 2018
Neonatal Jaundice

NEONATAL JAUNDICE

Neonatal Jaundice is a commonly seen disease condition.  Ironically, it is seen more in baby boys than baby girls.  As many as 50% of all infants […]
May 7, 2018
Nuchal Translucency Scan

First Trimester Screening for Chromosomal Abnormalities and Birth Defects

With new developments in the screening methods, it is now possible to detect risks for genetic mutations and chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses at very early stages. […]
April 25, 2018
Stress and Infertility

Does Stress Cause Infertility?

We know the fact that infertility causes high levels of stress but does stress cause infertility is still not evident. While at present there is no […]
April 11, 2018
Ovarian_Cyst

Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that develop in a woman’s ovaries. Most cysts are harmless and remain without any symptoms, but some may cause complications […]
March 31, 2018

Embryo Freezing (Cryopreservation) in IVF | KJK Hospital,Trivandrum

Embryo cryopreservation is the process of freezing and storing embryos and is a part of most in-vitro fertilization process. The cryopreservation process has been in use […]
March 24, 2018
Laparoscopy_and_infertility

Laparoscopy and Infertility

Laparoscopic Surgery, also called Key hole surgery, is a minimally invasive procedure in which small incisions are made to place a telescopic camera system into the […]
March 5, 2018
Female_Infertility

Diabetes and Female Infertility

According to WHO estimates, more than 180 million people worldwide have diabetes. And this number is likely to be doubled by 2030. Type 1 diabetes which […]
February 28, 2018
Diabetes_&_Male_Infertility

Diabetes and Male Infertility

Diabetes is a worldwide epidemic which requires consistent monitoring of diet, exercise and other lifestyle habits. While there is much awareness about the impact of diabetes […]
January 23, 2018
Embryo Freezing

Embryo Freezing (Embryo Cryopreservation) and its benefits

Embryo Freezing or Cryopreservation is generally performed as a component of infertility treatments like In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). During a standard […]
January 20, 2018
Male Infertility

Causes of Male Infertility

To understand Male Infertility, we must first understand what is Infertility. If a couple is not able to conceive a child even though they had frequent […]
January 9, 2018

Obesity and Infertility

WHO definition of Obesity and Infertility According to World Health Organization (WHO), if the body mass index (BMI) equals to or is greater than 25kg/m2, it […]
December 13, 2017
fibroid

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids, also known as leiomyomas, myomas or fibromas, are the most common benign tumors of the uterus. Most women have no symptoms. They range in […]
November 29, 2017
endometriosis

Endometriosis – An Overview

Uterus in a women’s body is lined from inside with tissues called endometrium. During the regular menstrual cycles, these tissues build up, break down and shed […]
November 13, 2017
IVF

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization or IVF is a process used to treat infertility where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body. After the eggs are fertilized outside the body, they are transferred in the woman’s uterus. Once the embryo implants in the woman’s uterus, normal course of pregnancy continues.
October 1, 2017

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome, also known as PCOS is one of the prevalent reproductive disorders in women and among the leading causes of infertility globally. With about […]
September 15, 2017

What is Neonatology?

The term neonate is used to refer to newborn babies, or more specifically to babies who are less than four weeks old. This is a very critical age in the baby’s life when events like feeding patterns are established; it’s also the time when bonding between baby and parents begins and more importantly
September 1, 2017

What is an Assisted Hatching Procedure?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a form of assisted reproduction technology that involves harvesting of eggs from the female’s ovary and combining it with sperms in a conducive liquid in the controlled environment of the lab. The fertilized egg or zygote is then allowed to grow in a culture medium for 4-6 days before transferring into the uterus of the female for the purpose of establishing a successful pregnancy.
August 1, 2017

Treatment Options for Female Infertility

Female infertility accounts for approximately one-third of all infertility cases amongst couples. It’s been estimated that there are 20 million childless couples in India currently with various types of infertility problems. Research has also shown that infertility problems are on the rise, with incidences going up by 20-30% in the last 5 years.
July 1, 2017

Preparing for a Cesarean Delivery

Cesarean section, also known as C-section refers to a surgical method of delivering the baby through the incision of the abdominal and uterine walls. This method was initially utilized to separate the fetus from a moribund mother but the method later evolved to resolve a variety of maternal and fetal complications that couldn’t be resolved through a normal vaginal delivery.
June 1, 2017

Detecting an Early Miscarriage

A miscarriage is that unfortunate state of affairs when a pregnancy gets spontaneously terminated before 20 weeks of gestation. If the termination occurs within the first 12-14 weeks, it’s called an early miscarriage and when it occurs by around the 20th week, it’s referred to as a late miscarriage.
May 24, 2017

Causes of Infertility in Women

The most common symptom of infertility is being unable to get pregnant even after 6 months of trying. When the reason for inability to conceive is due to female issues, it’s known as female infertility; such females may have normal, irregular or absent periods.